Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling.
Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness (identifying sounds in words), verbal memory, and verbal processing speed.
Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities.
It is best thought of as a ‘continuum’ i.e. not a distinct category of symptoms because there are no clear cut-off points.
Someone with dyslexia may also have difficulties with language, motor coordination, mental calculation, concentration, and personal organisation, but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia.
The British Dyslexia Association estimates that around 10 percent of the UK’s population is dyslexic, it is more common in boys than girls.
Dyslexia is a lifelong condition but, with support, it can be managed.